We are delighted to announce the following keynote speakers for ICVS 2017:
Prof Robert M Shapley
Prof. Shapley graduated from Harvard College (Chemistry and Physics) and obtained his Ph.D. from Rockefeller University, USA (Neurophysiology and Biophysics) under the supervision of H.K. Hartline. While he was a Ph.D. student, his supervisor won the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. Following his doctorate, he received a Helen Hay Whitney Postdoctoral Fellowship, which supported posts at Northwestern University to work with Christina Enroth-Cugell on cat retinal ganglion cells, and at Cambridge University in the laboratory of Fergus Campbell, where he studied how humans detect edges. After that he returned to Rockefeller as Assistant Professor, and then as Associate Professor. There, his lab examined parallel processing of visual signals in the retinas of many different vertebrates (i.e. cats, eels, frogs, and monkeys). In 1986, Prof. Shapley was one of the recipients of a MacArthur Fellowship (a.k.a. ‘Genius Grant’). In 1987, he moved to New York University where he has been Spencer Professor of the Sciences in the NYU Center for Neural Science since 1992. He has served on the US National Research Council’s Committee on Vision, been an Adjunct Professor at Rockefeller University, and had a stint as the Director of the NYU Center for Neural Science.
His goals have been to relate neuronal activity in the visual cortex to visual perception, and to use the visual cortex as a model system that reveals fundamental processes of the cerebral cortex by building realistic neural network models of the primary visual cortex, V1. With respect to color perception, he has focused on the role of V1 in color processing, leading to the work he did with colleagues Elizabeth Johnson and Michael Hawken on “The Spatial Transformation of Colour in the Primary Visual Cortex of the Macaque Monkey”. As a follow-up to his work on color in the monkey’s cortex, an active topic of his present research has been on colour perception and colour’s representation in the human visual cortex using colour-evoked visual evoked potentials (cVEPs).
Prof Kathy T Mullen
Prof. Mullen received her B.A. (Hons) from Oxford University (Physiology and Experimental Psychology) and Ph.D. from University of Cambridge (Physiology), UK, with Prof H.B. Barlow as her supervisor. During her doctorate, she worked on defining the spatial and temporal colour contrast sensitivity functions at isoluminance with chromatic aberration free images. She continued her work at Cambridge with a Lady Margaret Research Fellow from New Hall College, and a Royal Society University Research Fellowship until (1990), after which she moved to McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Since (2002), she has been a full Professor at the McGill Vision Research Unit, where she employs human psychophysics, brain stimulation, and fMRI methods to study the visual pathways and processes underlying human colour vision. Her overall interest has been in issues relating to how the colour content of the visual scene is encoded and analyzed within the human brain. Key topics include colour and motion processing, colour and form perception, cone opponent processes, the origins of colour vision deficits in disease processes (e.g. optic neuritis, blind sight & amblyopia), and the development of colour cognition in young children.
Prof Austin J Roorda
Dr. Austin Roorda received his Ph.D. in Vision Science & Physics from the University of Waterloo, Canada in 1996. Since that time, he has been pioneering applications of adaptive optics and ophthalmoscopy, including mapping of the trichromatic cone mosaic while a postdoc at the University of Rochester, designing and building the first adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope at the University of Houston, tracking and targeting light delivery to individual cones in the human eye at UC Berkeley, and being part of the first team to use AO imaging to monitor efficacy of a treatment to slow retinal degeneration. Since January 2005, he’s been at the UC Berkeley School of Optometry where he is a member of the Vision Science and Bioengineering graduate programs. He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. Notable awards are the Glenn A. Fry award from the American Academy of Optometry (2009), a John S. Guggenheim Fellowship (2014), and an Alcon Research Institute Award (2016). In 2015, Dr. Roorda led one of the teams that was awarded the first round of funding though the National Eye Institute’s Audacious Goals Initiative aimed at ‘Restoring vision through regeneration of the retina’. His team’s project involves the development of a novel system to measure function of individual retinal neurons in human eyes using adaptive optics, eye tracking and phase-resolved OCT.